Takht is a Persian word meaning royal throne. At present Sikhs consider five places as Takhts. There are three in Punjab – Akal Takht (Amritsar); Takht Kesgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib); Takht Damdama Sahib (Talwandi Sabo) – and the other two are Takht Patna Sahib (Bihar) and Takht Hazur Sahib (Nanded, Maharashtra).
All 5 Takhat Name
- Akal Takht (Amritsar)
- Takht Kesgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib)
- Takht Damdama Sahib (Talwandi Sabo)
- Takht Patna Sahib (Bihar)
- Takht Hazur Sahib (Nanded, Maharashtra)
Akal Takht (Amritsar)
Akal Takht: The word ‘Akal’ means timeless (often used for Almighty God) Takht means a seat where kings, emperors used to sit. Hence the Akal Takht: the seat of the Almighty. Excavation of the sacred sarovar (amrit-sarovar) of Amrit revealed a high place in front of the Golden Temple. Since the Guru Granth Sahib was seated in the Golden Temple in 1604, he was brought to this room every night to rest. Guru Arjan used to rest under the canopy of Guru Granth Sahib. This room is now known as Kotha Sahib.
Akal Takht, the highest shrine of Sikhism, was established by the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Gobind Sahib, in the year 1609 with the help of Baba Buddha and Bhai Gurdas. The Guru named it Akal Takht (the throne of the Almighty). Guru Hargobind used to hold his court, listening to the sufferings of the needy. The Guru wore two swords of Miri and Peeri at this place, the worldly king wore a turban, ordered the Sikhs to bring weapons, horses as offerings and to become saints and soldiers. From this place began the tradition of singing songs of war heroes with stringed instruments (sarangi and dhad).
The Akal Takht has its own traditions i.e. the priest will recite the evening prayer (Rahiras Sahib) and the prayer with a naked sword in his hand. Some rare weapons belonging to Sikh Gurus and Sikh warriors are displayed in a golden palanquin during the day and explained to the visitors every evening.
Takht Kesgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib)
Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib (31.235169 76 n 76.499128 e) is located in the city center of Anandpur Sahib, Punjab, India. It is also known as “Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib” and is one of the five highest Sikh institutions in India; It is the main Sikh shrine of the city. The city originated as Chakk Nanaki, founded by Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1665. His son, Guru Gobind Singh, who spent 25 years of his life in the city, greatly increased the size of the city, naming it Anandpur (Anandpur).
Its foundation stone was laid on March 30, 1689. In fact, it was here that the Khalsa Panth was born with the first rites of Khanda Pahul, when the young Guru had called thousands of special sangat on the day of Baisakhi 1699. Sikh. One can only imagine how large the area around Sri Kesgarh Sahib was for thousands of Sikhs to sit on that historic day.
Takht Damdama Sahib (Talwandi Sabo)
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda is a Sikh shrine. This place is of great importance for the literary work done by Guru Gobind Singh during his stay here in 1706.
It was at Damdama Sahib that Guru Gobind Singh prepared a revised and authentic version of the Adi Granth which is now revered by Sikhs as the Guru Granth Sahib, their eternal Guru or spiritual guide or guru. He included the Bani of Guru Tegh Bahadur in the original version prepared by Guru Arjan. Here a large number of new Sikhs joined the Khalsa. Guru Gobind Singh stayed at Damdama Sahib for about a year.
One of the five Sikh thrones or seat of authority. The Takht is located at Batinda in the Punjab, India and is the site where Guru Gobind Singh, the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs, compiled a complete version of the Sikh scriptures called Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1705. Damdama Bir or Damdami Bir. It is said that it was completed here by Guru Gobind Singh. It was written by Bhai Mani Singh. Bani of Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Ninth Guru and father Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji was included in the Bir.
Literally, Damdama means a place to rest and relax. It is located at village Talwandi Sabo, 28 km south-east of Bathinda. Guru Gobind Singh stayed here after fighting battles against Mughal oppression. Before their arrival at Talwandi, the Guru’s two sons were killed at Sirhind and two at Chamkaur Sahib. After writing the Zafarnama, Guru Gobind Singh fought a successful battle at Muktsar and then marched towards Talwandi Sabo Ki.
Takht Patna Sahib (Bihar)
Guru Gobind Singh (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. He was born in Patna, Bihar, India and succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur on 11 November 1675 at the age of nine. He was a Sikh leader, warrior, poet and philosopher. In Sikh society, Guru Gobind Singh Ji is considered to be the best example of masculinity; Highly educated, skilled in horsemanship, armed combat, brave and generous in character.
Guru Gobind Singh’s life and teachings have had a lasting impact on Sikh ideology as well as his daily life. His establishment of the Khalsa is considered one of the most important events in the history of Sikhism. He fought twenty defensive battles with the Mughals and their allies like the kings of Shivalik hills. Guru Gobind Singh was the last human Sikh Guru; And in Nanded, on October 7, 1708, he proclaimed Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhism, as the next permanent Sikh Guru.
Takht Hazur Sahib (Nanded, Maharashtra)
Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib is a prominent Sikh shrine at Nanded in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It marks the place where Guru Gobind Singh camped after the departure of Emperor Bahadur Shah in 1708 and where the 300th anniversary of Guru Granth Sahib’s enthronement was celebrated in October 2008.
The Tenth Guru held his Darbar and Sangat here. This is the place of his own tent where he was recovering after being attacked by the assassins and this is the place where Guru Gobind Singh sat down to reunite with Kartar. This place is now one of the five Takhts of great importance to the Sikhs. The other four Takhts are: Akal Takht at Amritsar, Takht Kesgarh Sahib at Anandpur, Takht Patna Sahib in Bihar District and Takht Sri Damdama Sahib Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab.